Feijoada is a typical dish invented by the Africans that came to Brazil during slavery time. It’s basically made of black beans, pork’s pieces and served with vegetables. However, is this the real history behind Feijoada dish?
Historians and Specialists refers to Feijoada as a millenary dish, as there are many similar ones. It is possible to find the “cozido” in Portugal, “cassoulet” in France, “paella” in Spain and “casouela” or “bollito” in Italy. Therefore, it is possible to inform that it was carried by the Portuguese during colonial age.
Nowadays, feijoada is one of the most traditional dishes in Brazil. The black beans has its origin in South America and it was called of comanda, comaná or cumaná by the Guaranis Indians. The flour “farinha de mandioca” has originated in American continent and it was adhered as main food by the slavers and Europeans who came to Brazil.
According to Carlos Alberto Dória, the spreading of feijoada as a national dish is one consequence of the modernists to construct a Brazilian national identity . “Feijoada is an icon of Brazil and it characterized by the Anthropophagy’s theme and cultural deglutition that permeates the Brazilian folk’s formation.”
In the end, the dish pertains to Brazilian habits and it was even portrayed by a great Brazilian author, Mário de Andrade, in his book “Macunaíma” and by the singer Vinícius de Moraes in his poem as “Feijoada à Minha Moda (Feijoada in my style)”.